As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings. Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses if you do not plan to do so in the conclusion of the paper.
Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings.
Avoid using an apologetic tone; however, be honest and self-critical [e. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem.
This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study.
This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Overall Objectives The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: I. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have.
Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research.
The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic.
Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove.
When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases.
This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. This section helps the reader see why you are focusing on this topic and makes the transition to the main point of your paper. Therefore, you need to bridge the gap between your attention-grabber and your thesis with some transitional discussion. In this part of your introduction, you narrow your focus of the topic and explain why the attention-grabber is relevant to the specific area you will be discussing.
You should introduce your specific topic and provide any necessary background information that the reader would need in order to understand the problem that you are presenting in the paper. You can also define any key terms the reader might not know. Continuing with the example above, we might move from the narrative about Michelle to a short discussion of the scope of the problem of drunk drivers.
Each year XX number of lives are lost due to drunk-driving accidents. This effectively moves the reader from the story about Michelle to your real topic, which might be the need for stricter penalties for drinking and driving. Finally, the introduction must conclude with a clear statement of the overall point you want to make in the paper. In this scenario, your thesis would be the point you are trying to make about drunk driving. You might be arguing for better enforcement of existing laws, enactment of stricter penalties, or funding for education about drinking and driving.
Whatever the case, your thesis would clearly state the main point your paper is trying to make. But in most cases, you should rely on expert opinions.
Select those that you might want to use to substantiate your ideas that you want to discuss. Arrange them in a logical order. Usually, you might want to arrange them in order, appropriate for the discussion logics. Make a plan. When you are working on your essay plan, you are not only arranging your thoughts, but you create the structure for your paper. It is easier to remake a frame rather than the entire construction.
So, if there is something that needs to be changed, you better change it at the planning stage rather than when the paper is written. But how to start a discussion paper? Consider what you want to write. Why is the topic interesting? May your reader find it useful?
Can you add some funny or intriguing story to introduce the topic or at least some opinions? If yes, add it. It is, therefore, important not only to characterize each hero, but also to be able to compare the characters in the story. The introductory part introduces the readers to the subject of writing and takes them to the disclosure of basic aspects of the work. That is really an important phase in any guide on how to write a discussion paper. It is possible to describe the name of the theme works, reveal the essence of the name, question, the answer to which will be revealed in the main part and summarized in the conclusion.
For example, writing an essay on "The Nature of native land. If it is the essay on seasons, describe why this time of the year was chosen, the theme of the work, what attracts you to it. The introduction can: contain the answer to the question on the subject present your opinion, if there is a reference to the applicant in view of the title theme contain the fact of the author's biography or historical period characterized, if these details are important for analysis of text formulate an understanding of literary terms, if they are used in the name of the topic Now we shall talk about general tips and hints on how to write a discussion paper.
In order to understand how to write a discussion paper, imagine that you are talking to a very significant person but not a very close one not your best friend for instance but familiar for you.
This will help you to be empathetic enough while being formal. At some particular point, it will appear to you that no topic can be restricted to just two opposing arguments. Do not be afraid: you probably just need to try other forms of writing, and not discover the absolute truth on how to write a discussion paper. Try to focus on logical arguments or questions that are controversial and you will find out necessary key points. Make sure to respect deadline and finish your researching beforehand.
Frequently, the research step takes so much time that the closing submission date seems not relevant.
You also want to do that in a way that is fresh and original. This part of the discussion should begin with a description of the unanticipated finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study. You will need to showcase both sides of the problem surrounding the discussion paper topic, so make sure that you have good research that provides trustworthy information available. If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding. Structure and Writing Style These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.
Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. Proper money management today involves knowing interest rates, balancing checkbooks, paying taxes, estimating my paycheck, and budgeting to make ends meet from month-to-month. You might be arguing for better enforcement of existing laws, enactment of stricter penalties, or funding for education about drinking and driving.
However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section. The main body will examine arguments for in one or more paragraphs and arguments against also in one or more paragraphs. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. Your introduction conveys a lot of information to your readers. I learned that there were four quarters in a dollar, and if I bought a non-food item—like a handful of balloons—that I was going to need to come up with six cents for every dollar I spent.
Structure and Writing Style These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II. It is, therefore, important not only to characterize each hero, but also to be able to compare the characters in the story. The only thing, which differs here, is the discussion presence. Provide your reader with the conclusion that summarized everything that was written in your work. Knowing how to write a discussion paper will help you to get the best results in your academic writing.
Make a plan.
If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. How to write a discussion paper — an in-depth analysis of each part of your paper and some tips As mentioned before, smartly written paper should contain three following parts: introduction, the main body and conclusion. But how to start a discussion paper? This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. You might be arguing for better enforcement of existing laws, enactment of stricter penalties, or funding for education about drinking and driving. Decide how general or broad your opening should be.