Image credit: Stephen Kelly, Tarsal bones The tarsal bones are a group of seven bones that make up the rear section of the foot. Tarsal bones include: The talus, or ankle bone: The talus is the bone at the top of the foot. It connects with the tibia and fibula bones of the lower leg.
The calcaneus, or heel bone: The calcaneus is largest of the tarsal bones. It sits below the talus and plays an essential role in supporting body weight. The tarsals: These five bones form the arch of the midfoot. They are the medial, intermediate, and lateral cuneiforms, the cuboid, and the navicular. Metatarsal bones The metatarsal bones are a group of five tubular bones in the middle of the foot. They connect to the tarsal bones and the phalanges.
The metatarsals sit in a row, and doctors number them one to five. The first one sits closest to the arch of the foot, and number five sits at the outer edge of the foot.
Phalanges The phalanges are the bones in the toes. The second to fifth toes each contain three phalanges. From the back of the foot to the front, doctors call them the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges. He wrote Alpha. He wrote mini-macros galore. In one form or another, some of these things have come along since, but this was and the future stopped there.
Howard, who died in , was the polar opposite of Bill Gates—in outlook as well as income. Howard thought the computer should be adapted to the individual and not the other way around.
One size fits one. The programs he wrote for me were molded like clay to my requirements—an appealing approach to anything called an editor. Structur exploded my notes. It read the codes by which each note was given a destination or destinations including the dustbin. It created and named as many new Kedit files as there were codes, and, of course, it preserved intact the original set.
In my first I. My first computer cost five thousand dollars. I called it a five-thousand-dollar pair of scissors. I wrote my way sequentially from Kedit file to Kedit file from the beginning to the end of the piece. Some of those files created by Structur could be quite long. So each one in turn needed sorting on its own, and sometimes fell into largish parts that needed even more sorting. In such phases, Structur would have been counterproductive.
It would have multiplied the number of named files, choked the directory, and sent the writer back to the picnic table, and perhaps under it. So Howard wrote Alpha. Alpha implodes the notes it works on. It reads codes and then churns a file internally, organizing it in segments in the order in which they are meant to contribute to the writing.
Alpha is the principal, workhorse program I run with Kedit. Used again and again on an ever-concentrating quantity of notes, it works like nesting utensils. It sorts the whole business at the outset, and then, as I go along, it sorts chapter material and subchapter material, and it not infrequently arranges the components of a single paragraph. It has completely served many pieces on its own. When I run it now, the action is instantaneous in a way that I—born in —find breathtaking.
One line is Of those which show up more than once, All expunges all. When Keditw came along—Kedit for Windows—Howard rewrote everything, and the task was not a short one. Sales have gradually slowed down over the years, and it now makes sense to gradually wind down.
I replied on the same day, asking the company how much time—after half a million words in twenty-three years—I could hope to continue using Kedit. In the back-and-forth that followed, there was much useful information, and this concluding remark: If you run into any problems with KEDIT or with those macros in the future, let me know.
In this Xanadu of basketball, I found Kearney and his wife, Sara, close to the campus in a totally kempt small red house previously occupied by a UConn basketball coach. From my perspective, they looked young enough and trim enough to be shooting hoops themselves, and that to me was especially reassuring. He was wearing running shoes, a Metropolitan Museum T-shirt. He had an alert look and manner; short, graying dark hair; a clear gaze, no hint of guile—an appealing, trusting guy.
Before long, Sara went off to an appointment, leaving us at the dining table with our laptops open like steamed clams. I was awestruck to learn that he had bought his first personal computer only two years before I had, and I was bemused to contemplate the utterly disparate vectors that had carried us to the point of sale—me out of a dark cave of pure ignorance and Kearney off a mainframe computer.
He grew up in New Haven and in nearby Madison, he told me, and at UConn majored in math, but he developed an even greater interest in computer science. In those pre-P. By , he still did not own a personal computer and could not afford a five-thousand-dollar pair of anything. Apple II had been on the market since but did not interest him. The displays on I. His father helped him buy one. This arch stretches from the heel bone over the "keystone" ankle bone to the three medial metatarsals.
In contrast, the lateral longitudinal arch is very low. With the cuboid serving as its keystone, it redistributes part of the weight to the calcaneus and the distal end of the fifth metatarsal. The two longitudinal arches serve as pillars for the transverse arch which run obliquely across the tarsometatarsal joints.
Excessive strain on the tendons and ligaments of the feet can result in fallen arches or flat feet. Extrinsic Anterior leg muscles. All muscles originating on the lower leg except the popliteus muscle are attached to the bones of the foot. The tibia and fibula and the interosseous membrane separate these muscles into anterior and posterior groups, in their turn subdivided into subgroups and layers.
In the non-weight-bearing leg tibialis anterior flexes the foot dorsally and lift its medial edge supination. In the weight-bearing leg it brings the leg towards the back of the foot, like in rapid walking. Extensor digitorum longus arises on the lateral tibial condyle and along the fibula to be inserted on the second to fifth digits and proximally on the fifth metatarsal. The extensor digitorum longus acts similar to the tibialis anterior except that it also dorsiflexes the digits.
Extensor hallucis longus originates medially on the fibula and is inserted on the first digit. As the name implies it dorsiflexes the big toe and also acts on the ankle in the unstressed leg. In the weight-bearing leg it acts similar to the tibialis anterior. Together, their tendons pass behind the lateral malleolus. Distally, peroneus longus crosses the plantar side of the foot to reach its insertion on the first tarsometatarsal joint, while peroneus brevis reaches the proximal part of the fifth metatarsal.
These two muscles are the strongest pronators and aid in plantar flexion. Longus also acts like a bowstring that braces the transverse arch of the foot. The triceps surae consists of the soleus and the two heads of the gastrocnemius.
The heads of gastrocnemius arise on the femur , proximal to the condyles, and soleus arises on the proximal dorsal parts of the tibia and fibula.
The tendons of these muscles merge to be inserted onto the calcaneus as the Achilles tendon. Plantaris originates on the femur proximal to the lateral head of the gastrocnemius and its long tendon is embedded medially into the Achilles tendon. Depending on the context of the event, it could include direct quotes from the researchers, study participants and or community stakeholders.
The additional information part contains those details that are of least importance. In other words, these are details that even if the editor opted to delete from the article, the author would not have to rewrite it so as to convey the intended meaning.
How to Write a Newspaper Article Compile a Fact list A fact list is an outline of all the pertinent facts and information that one needs to include in the article. Compiling a fact list is important to write a clean, succinct article and reduce chances of leaving out any relevant information about the topic or story.
What order? Avoid any language that is overly positive or negative or statements that could be construed as support or criticism. Arising from the base of the fifth metatarsal, flexor digiti minimi is inserted together with abductor on the first phalanx. The big toe or hallux contains only two phalanges, which are proximal and distal. In addition, there are several genetic disorders that can affect the shape and function of the feet, including a club foot or flat feet. It is usually visible.
Sales have gradually slowed down over the years, and it now makes sense to gradually wind down.
Other pieces from that era were variously chronological, none more so than this one, where the clock runs left to right in both the main time line and the set pieces hanging from it Fig.
Human populations have migrated, fought, mixed and mingled throughout time. The first metatarsal phalangeal joint sits in line with the big toe. So each one in turn needed sorting on its own, and sometimes fell into largish parts that needed even more sorting. As a premise, it seems far-fetched — but some believe the outline of your feet can help you trace your family heritage. They both arise on the calcaneus and extend into the dorsal aponeurosis of digits one to four, just beyond the penultimate joints.
Neutral pronation An individual who neutrally pronates initially strikes the ground on the lateral side of the heel. Every time is the first time Provide background information. The metatarsals are the bones that make up the main part of the foot in humans, and part of the leg in large animals or paw in smaller animals. We see through the latter and correct for it as we go. The programs he wrote for me were molded like clay to my requirements—an appealing approach to anything called an editor. This arch stretches from the heel bone over the "keystone" ankle bone to the three medial metatarsals.
Metatarsal bones The metatarsal bones are a group of five tubular bones in the middle of the foot. Types of pronation include neutral pronation, underpronation supination , and overpronation. The first one sits closest to the arch of the foot, and number five sits at the outer edge of the foot.
I used an Underwood 5, which had once been a state-of-the-art office typewriter but by had been outclassed by the I. I called it a five-thousand-dollar pair of scissors. We left behind one of our party. When Keditw came along—Kedit for Windows—Howard rewrote everything, and the task was not a short one. Inferences, however, remained sound: the misdirection was blatant enough that readers were aware of it and proceeded to correct their impressions accordingly. We see through the latter and correct for it as we go.