Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space. Italicize titles of larger works like books, periodicals, databases, and Web sites. Use quotation marks for titles published in larger works like articles, essays, chapters, poems, Web pages, songs, and speeches.
Example: Henderson, Carol E. Solomon O. Iyasere and Marla W. Pasadena: Salem P, Journals and Magazines The title of the periodical journal, magazine, or newspaper is italicized. Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, or conjunctions when they fall in the middle of a title. Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space. Italicize titles if the source is self-contained and independent.
Titles of books, plays, films, periodicals, databases, and websites are italicized. Articles, essays, chapters, poems, webpages, songs, and speeches are placed in quotation marks. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
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This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material.
Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers.
The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style.
Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work being posted on the Internet, you may have to cite research you have completed in virtual environments. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text. Italicize titles of larger works like books, periodicals, databases, and Web sites.
Early Writings. We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change. See section 6 of this guide to learn how to properly attribute your paraphrased information. If your instructor requires you to create a standalone title page, ask him or her for specifications. Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. The title of the article or work is enclosed in quotations.
It is acceptable to use abbreviations in all of these sources. When a citation is not needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. Here are a few scenarios when it may seem appropriate to use this type of referencing: When you are referring to a number of various sources, by various authors, in a section of your paper. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. It is important for the reader to be able to distinguish the difference between italicized and regular font, so if you choose a font style different than Arial or Times New Roman, make sure the difference between the two type styles is evident. The same justification rules apply in the 8th edition.
Need further help with quotes or MLA format examples?
Double space again and center the title. Check the page settings section of the program to locate the margin size. There are times when you may feel it is perfectly acceptable to use an abbreviation rather than its typed out counterpart in a paper.
Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Paraphrasing is an important part of the research and writing process. Quotes: When including a quote in your paper or assignment, place the period outside of the parentheses, at the end of the entire sentence. The running head should be the only item seen in the one inch margin see above for more on running heads. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface.
When it comes to paraphrases, writers are able to take a block of text and shrink the scope of it into the their papers. Always follow instructor guidelines. The font size should be 12 pt. Stay foolish. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers.
When it comes to references, MLA bibliography format requires months longer than four letters to be abbreviated. For example, to cite Albert Einstein's article "A Brief Outline of the Theory of Relativity," which was published in Nature in , you might write something like this: Relativity's theoretical foundations can be traced to earlier work by Faraday and Maxwell Einstein
Examples of these titles are poems, short stories, book chapters, and journal articles. Filmverlag der Autoren, Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Do not simply substitute words in the original text with synonyms. Sentences should begin one half inch from the left margin.
After analyzing and completely understanding the original text, put it to the side. To create a header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. A writer can only develop a well-written paraphrase if the information has been fully grasped and understood. In general, the title of a work is taken from the title page of the publication. MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. Author-page citation for works in an anthology, periodical, or collection When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source like, for instance, an article in a periodical or an essay in a collection , cite the author of the internal source i.
Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association prefers abbreviations to rarely be used.